Hydrogen Power

Hydrogen Power with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is a new idea that combines a number of existing technologies in a unique way to create low-carbon electricity.

It works by 'decarbonising' a fossil fuel (such as coal, oil or natural gas). This process would strip the fuel's carbon from its hydrogen atoms. We would then burn the clean hydrogen to make electricity in a specially modified gas turbine, while capturing the carbon dioxide and sequestering it in depleted underground gas and oil fields or coal beds.

By using hydrogen as a fuel we produce virtually no greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; the main by-product is water. So hydrogen power with carbon capture and sequestration gives us a real chance to generate large-scale clean electricity using existing fossil fuels.

While the technologies for hydrogen power are available and in use today, much remains to be done to develop and commercialize this novel approach to clean power. BP Alternative Energy, together with partners, is leading the way on bringing this concept to reality.

Once hydrogen power has proven its viability, there is almost no limit to how much clean power we can make using this technology. Coal, for example, is an ideal fuel for this technology.

BP 2006/7/18

BP and GE to Develop Hydrogen Power Plants and Technologies

BP and GE today announced their intention to jointly develop and deploy
hydrogen power projects that dramatically reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from electricity generation.

BP has already announced plans for
two such hydrogen power projects with carbon capture and sequestration in Scotland and California, both of which will use GE technology.

Notes to editors:
E A hydrogen power project takes a fossil fuel, such as natural gas or coal, and converts it into hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The hydrogen-rich gas is used as the fuel gas to generate electric power from turbines in a power plant. The carbon dioxide is captured, transported and stored safely and permanently in deep geological formations such as oil and gas fields. Power generation accounts for some 40% of man-made carbon dioxide emissions. By combining hydrogen power generation with carbon capture and storage in one integrated project, 90% of the carbon dioxide in the fuel is captured so that it does not enter the atmosphere and a substantial step is made towards tackling the climate change issue
E BP has already announced plans for two hydrogen power plants. At Peterhead, Scotland, BP together with Scottish and Southern Energy plan to build a 475MW hydrogen fired power plant based on natural gas. It would sequester 1.8 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide 4,000 metres below the seabed in the Miller oil field where the carbon dioxide will enable the production of some 40 million barrels of oil that would not otherwise have been recoverable. A final investment decision is due in early 2007 so the plant can be in commercial operation in 2010.

The second project is a 500MW hydrogen power plant
at Carson, southern California. BP, and partner Edison Mission Energy, would take petroleum coke, a refinery by-product and synthetic form of coal, to create the hydrogen. The plant will capture and store 4 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide which, like the Peterhead project, will enable incremental oil production. This project is scheduled to be complete in 2011