2007/10/31 plasteurope.com

Petkim: Authority's turnaround takes lower bid forward
The second highest bid in the tender for Turkish petrochemicals group Petrokimya Holding (Petkim, Aliaga / Turkey) will be submitted by the Turkish Privatisation Administration to the competition authority for approval, reports say. The winning bid, at USD 2.04 bn, is said to have been made by a consortium of Azerbaijanエs state oil company Socar, Turkeyエs Turcas and Saudi-based Injaz Projects. The decision denies a Kazakhstan-based consortium, Transcentral Asia Petrochemical Holding ・financed by a Russian investment group controlled by Armenian citizen Rubben Vardanian ・a controlling stake in Petkim, for which it bid USD 2.05 bn.


2007/10/29 www.plastemart.com

Injaz Projects consortium awarded 51% stake in Turkey's Petkim Petrokymia

Turkish government has reversed its decision to sell Petkim Petrokymia- the state owned petrochemicals manufacturing company to the highest bidder. 7 international consortiums, including major operators and investment companies specializing in the field of petrochemicals were competing for the shares in the Petkim privatization deal.

A Saudi company Injaz Projects and its consortium partners, that offered US$2.04 bln (SR 7.05 bln) for 51% stake, have been awarded the controlling stake in Petkim Petrokemiya. The consortium partners are Azerbaijan Oil & Gas Company (SOCAR), the Kazmunaigaz Company of Kazakhstan and Turcas Petroleum A.S. of Turkey. Injaz Projects owns 10% of the majority share holding acquired by the consortium. The Saudi company acted as a technical consultant and developed the financial model for the bid, working jointly with Standard Bank and Finansinvest. Injaz Projects is a conglomerate owned by three Saudi corporations: Al Muhaideb Group (40% stake), Al Fozan Group which also owns (40% stake), and Amwal Al Khaleej (20% stake). The company is headquartered in Saudi Arabia, with a branch in Bahrain. The company develops mega projects in various sectors in the MENA region and provides technical and financial consultancy services for oil, energy, infrastructure and telecom projects. Injaz is looking to capitalize on the liberalizing of economies in the region, pursing privatization initiatives.

The Petkim industrial complex is strategically located on the west coast of Turkey and is considered to be one of the most important petrochemicals manufacturers in the region, with a significant market share in Greece and the Black Sea countries. Petkim has licenses for several future projects which include building oil refineries, a utility plant and liquid oil gas stations.

2007/11/1 todayszaman.com

Abdullayev: Petkim, a new energy venture between Turkey, Azerbaijan
The president of SOCAR discusses the repercussions of state-controlled petrochemical producer Petkim
s 51 percent stake sale to the SOCAR-Turcas-Injaz consortium, the second highest bidder, instead of the TransCentralAsia consortium.

The State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR)-Turcas-Injaz consortium submitted the second best bid in a July 5 tender for the block sale of a 51 percent state-owned stake in Turkish petrochemicals producer Petkim. The Kazakh-led TransCentralAsia Petrochemical Holding consortium had outbid all of its five rivals by offering to pay $2.05 billion, causing the Azeri consortium to withdraw from the open bidding after announcing its final offer of $2.04 billion. After the tender, a wave of resentment toward the winning group spread in light of rumors that the Kazakh company was supported by the Armenian diaspora, causing Turkey
s board overseeing the proceedings to nullify the winning bid and instead award the tender to the second highest bidder, the Azeri consortium.
Speaking to Today
s Zaman, Revnak Abdullayev, the president of SOCAR, evaluated the recent developments. He stressed that Turkey and Azerbaijan were not only sister countries because of their historical connection but also strategic partners in many fields, especially in energy. Abdullayev emphasized that Petkim was a kind of continuation of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC), Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum (BTE) and Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) pipeline projects.

What are your thoughts on the Petkim tender?

Abdullayev: First of all, this nice gesture is a sign that Turkey regards Azerbaijan as important. This is SOCAR
s first attempt at such a large project abroad. Our company has the largest financial potential in Azerbaijan. Our first investment abroad was the Kulevi Terminal project in Georgia. It was not as big as Petkim but it had great importance in transporting Central Asian and Caspian Sea oil to the Black Sea. To date the total investment in the Kulevi project has reached $360 million. Our aim is to contribute to the Samsun-Ceyhan oil pipeline with this project. Firstly, we have a $2 billion investment plan for Petkim to upgrade and to modernize the facilities. After this modernization process we want to meet an important share of Turkeys need for petrochemical products. Currently Turkey imports 75 percent of its petrochemicals. With SOCARs investment this will drop to 30 percent.

Was the proximity of the Petkim decision and the Armenian resolution in the US a coincidence or a message to the world?

Abdullayev: Turkey and Azerbaijan
s foreign policies are similar. Thats why the Armenian genocide claims are a problem for Azerbaijan as they are for Turkey. On this issue both countries take the same stance. Their stand against the diaspora is same; however, it would be a mistake to relate this decision only to the Armenian issue. Turkey and Azerbaijan are sister countries and strategic partners, so they care about one anothers political, strategic and economic interests.


 またロベルト・コチャリャン(Robert Kocharian)アルメニア大統領はブリュッセル(Brussels)で記者会見し、「1915年にトルコで起きた事件は、疑いのない事実として世界中で認められており、各国とも同じ立場だ」と述べた。

 ジョージ・W・ブッシュ(George W. Bush)米大統領やトルコ政府は「ジェノサイド」の認定を批判してきたが、米下院外交委員会は27対21の賛成多数で決議を採択した。




Are there also refinery construction plans?

Abdullayev: Yes, our refinery construction work is ongoing. We plan to build an oil refinery that has an annual production capacity of 6 million tons. I believe commercial relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan will go much further because of these projects.

What are SOCAR
s projects other than Petkim?

Abdullayev: The most important and unforgettable event for SOCAR is the launching of the Ceyhan terminal, which carries the name of our deceased president Haydar Aliyev, who was involved in the completion of the BTC project despite many difficulties. With the launching of the BTC the most important part of the energy corridor between Caspian Sea and Europe was opened up. Here we must mention that the BTC has to this point carried the equivalent of 400 tankers of oil directly to the Mediterranean Sea instead of through the Bosporus and the Dardanelles straits. This means the BTC is also contributing to the environmental and ecological balance.

With the BTC, Caspian Sea oil has reached the Mediterranean. How are the regional and global energy markets affected by the BTC? Are Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan expected to join the project?

Abdullayev: As I just said, with the launching of the BTC the issue gained global importance. The global need for energy will increase by 60 percent by 2030. This means the current reserves must increase their capacity by 60 percent. So it is not very hard to predict the importance of Caspian Sea reserves in the future. Azerbaijan
s current economic and political stability contributes to the BTCs importance. Azerbaijan is ready to meet Kazakh oil exports. Today, the world is governed mostly on economic principles. If Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan think it is more profitable to export their oil and gas through Azerbaijans pipelines, I believe they will do so. Last year Azerbaijans president, Ilham Aliyev, signed a protocol during his visit to Astana [Kazakhstans capital city]. The protocol details the infrastructure of Kazakh oil transportation via the BTC. Kazakhstan also has important oil reserves. With the increase in production, the amount of oil transported via the BTC will significantly rise.

Can we say that the relations in the energy field between Turkey and Azerbaijan have reached desired level since the independence of Azerbaijan?

Abdullayev: The BTC project, which we called the
project of the century, helped us attract foreign capital to Azerbaijan. We removed the old oil exploration and extraction infrastructure and began to use modern technologies. Now, when establishing a collaboration, SOCAR assesses the potential counterparts financial and technological infrastructure. We have important cooperation with the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO)

s the recent situation of the BTE project, which is also known as BTC II?

Abdullayev: Azerbaijan is one of the most important centers of energy reserves for the security of Europe
s energy supply. Energy needs will increase sharply in the near future. The important part for Azerbaijan is that Europe plans to meet its needs from Azerbaijan. Furthermore, Turkish experts are also predicting that gas reserves in the Shahdeniz field will be a good source for Turkeys domestic needs. A protocol was signed in 2001 between Azerbaijan and Turkey according to which Turkey plans to purchase 79.9 billion cubic meters of gas through the BTE between 2006 and 2018. Also, the plans for exporting Azerbaijani gas to Europe via Turkey still active. All these plans and developments reflect the importance of the BTE project.